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View Full Version : Trefriw Woollen Mills - April 2011 : IMAGE HEAVY!



The Littlest Jellyfish
14-04-2011, 04:38 AM
Everyone should visit Trefriw Woollen Mills. It's fascinating, educational, and even more importantly, free. This report is image heavy, and I make no apology for that. I do it because I care, and because it's what's best for you.

Originally a Pandy (fulling mill), it was situated on the fast running River Crafnant in order to use the water to drive the waterwheels and to wash the wool. The earliest fulling mill in Trefriw dates back to the 15th century (fulling is the process that cleans and thickens the wool). A water-powered fulling mill replaced the previous cottage-industry type process in 1820, but it took Thomas Williams' purchase of the mill in 1859 to see any serious development of the industry. The original buildings are still standing behind the modern 1970s premises:

http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm1.jpg

Here's what the wheel looked like in the mid-19th century:

http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm-wheel.jpg

Fulling mills, from medieval times onwards, were often water powered. The cloth was beaten with wooden hammers, known as fulling stocks. There were two kinds of fulling stocks, but in both cases the machinery was operated by cams on the shaft of a waterwheel or on a tappet wheel, which lifted the hammer. These days, the working mill uses hydroelectric power to create electricity for the machines. The river runs down from the Carneddau hills and is channelled into a leaky pipe and then into the generator room, where two big turbines do what turbines do best.

http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm34.jpg http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm33.jpg

I didn't have much time to dash round and see everything before they closed, so unfortunately I'm not going to be able to explain any of the photos - what they are, how stuff works, what it's called, who built it, when, why, how etc. I'm just going to put the pictures up and let them speak for themselves. If you want to know any practical stuff, go and visit yourself!

http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm2.jpg

http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm3.jpg http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm4.jpg

http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm5.jpg

http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm6.jpg

http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm7.jpg

http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm8.jpg

http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm9.jpg

http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm10.jpg http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm11.jpg

http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm12.jpg

http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm13.jpg

http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm14.jpg

http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm15.jpg http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm16.jpg

http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm18.jpg http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm19.jpg

http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm20.jpg

http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm21.jpg

http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm22.jpg

more in the next comment...

The Littlest Jellyfish
14-04-2011, 04:38 AM
http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm24.jpg http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm23.jpg

http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm25.jpg

http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm26.jpg

http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm27.jpg http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm28.jpg

http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm29.jpg

http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm30.jpg http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm31.jpg

http://i19.photobucket.com/albums/b167/dr-nylon/uef/public/twm32.jpg

Okay, that's enough I think. I was really excited about the prospect of doing an audio visual report, because I took my binaural mics with me, but as soon as I'd set the recorder up the guy operating the weaver on the top floor decided to knock off for the day, so I missed it. Next time.

Thanks for looking!

Nicola
14-04-2011, 08:51 AM
Love it - my mother used to work in a knitwear factory and I used to love seeing all the looms and bobbins etc. That cop winder looks pretty scary! :thumb

Kach´e
14-04-2011, 09:38 AM
Awesome!!

captain cave man
14-04-2011, 09:45 AM
shoot i'm feeling old as the looms, spinning frames and carding machines are what I fix been n engineer n all....... nice pics if you goto W.S. Grahams in Ravensthorpe west yorkshire they have all these running and some more modern stuff too.....think i better start thinking of gettin my zimma out... :( ....

ERNIE99_UK
14-04-2011, 11:16 AM
That is a good looking collection of machines, they must spend hours cleaning and maintaining them.

scrappy
14-04-2011, 11:35 AM
great report! :)

Clough
14-04-2011, 05:36 PM
Top report, loved it!

Only2Eyes
14-04-2011, 06:29 PM
Nice stuff oh littlest one :thumb

converse1
14-04-2011, 07:19 PM
That's really good! top work Sir! :thumb

SilentHill
14-04-2011, 07:39 PM
Oh now that's just put a massive smile on my face. What a superb report on a fantastic mill. I spent many years in the Textile Industry, and seeing this has brought back many a fond memory. Great stuff mate and many thanks for sharing it. Will make a point of visiting here next time I'm over that way. :thumb

The Littlest Jellyfish
16-04-2011, 01:26 AM
Thanks everyone, you're very kind. Honestly, if you're anywhere near there, call in, Trefriw is a lovely little village and the mill is fascinating. Make sure you go when the museum's open, SH - the shop, cafe and turbine room are open every day, but the museum's only open mid-week, and it's the museum that's the interesting bit, obviously. Check the website for more info: http://www.t-w-m.co.uk/ (http://www.t-w-m.co.uk/).

SilentHill
17-04-2011, 01:37 PM
Cheers for that buddy :thumb

Rochester
22-04-2011, 06:22 PM
Fantastic images there fella..

Krypton
23-04-2011, 07:23 AM
Fantastic shots!